TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR A CONSULTANCY FOR THE REALIZATION OF A LIVELIHOOD MARKET ASSESSMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT OF PROFITABLE INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES – NGALA & MONGUNO LGAs – BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
Nigeria is currently experiencing a significant humanitarian crisis, resulting from ongoing armed conflict between armed opposition groups and Nigerian and regional security forces. The conflict has affected an estimated 10.2 million people (OCHA HNO Nigeria 2018). In north east Nigeria, 2 million are currently internally displaced (DTM Round 25 Report, October 2018).
According to CH results analysis of December 2018 and projected situation in June-August 2019, food consumption has improved across most of the states which are classified under minimal phase of food security while Yobe and Borno were under stress. Livelihood opportunities are also limited for households in Borno and Yobe states where most conflict-affected households were using asset depleting as coping strategies, which tend to undermine their productivity and ability to sustain those livelihoods. During the current period in both Monguno and Ngala, production of food and cash crop recorded a general increase compared to previous years. Food availability in this region is expected to decline during the lean season (June-August 2019).
From the results of the CH analysis, around 2.45 million people (2.32% of analyzed population) require emergency assistance in the reporting period of October to December, 2018. During the projected period of June to August 2019, these figures are expected to increase to 4.45 million people in the absence of resilience driven interventions and humanitarian assistance in areas where such is not feasible. Between October-December 2018, Monguno and Ngala LGAs are classified Under phase 2 food insecurity level, but in the projected June-August 2019 are expected to be in phase 3.
SI started its operations in Monguno in 2016 in the fields of Wash and Shelter and in Ngala since 2017, having launched an emergency Wash response. Currently SI has scaled up its intervention in the area of FSL, with a multi-sectoral Health, WASH and FSL project funded by EuropAid over 3 years in consortium with ALIMA. More specifically regarding FSL, the objectives of the project is to improve food and economic access to enhance the food and nutrition security of vulnerable host communities and IDPs households living in Ngala and Monguno LGAs. In this way, SI has planned to support during those 3 years’ project, *2010 vulnerable households in agriculture, *1090 in livestock, *2308 very vulnerable households in food and NFI assistance, and 400 vulnerable for Income Generating Activities, along with 16 VSLA associations.
To develop the IGA component of the EuropAid project, SI seeks to recruit a consultant who will conduct a livelihood-based market assessment and analysis as detailed below, to inform the economic opportunities to support Income Generating Activities (IGAs) and market strengthening activities. The consultant will also be in charge of undertaking rapid profitability study for the pre-identified potential IGAs.
II – Objectives of the consultancy
Through this consultancy, SI wishes to:
- Identify and analyze existing livelihoods strategies and IGAs usually implemented by the displaced people and local population, in Ngala and Monguno LGAs;
- Identify potential, formal or informal, growth sectors and (new or existing) opportunities in the goods and services markets, either short or long term;
- Identify the functioning of labor markets and identify potential opportunities of employments, especially through support to market actors (producers, traders, processors, service providers, etc.);
- Understand the constraints, capabilities and potential to expand IGAs and labor opportunities within the market system;
- Inform on the regulation rules and laws on market and trade;
- Identify local skills reinforcement opportunities and mentoring system development possibilities to accompany beneficiaries;
- Propose a prioritization of profitable IGAs describing them in detail, highlighting their main constraints in terms of implementation, market opportunities, etc, and undertaking a rapid profitability study;
- Provide recommendations to develop specific IGAs in line with the market opportunities and the expectations of the target groups;
- Inform on targeting approach and criteria for IGAs participation.
III. Key questions to address
Here are some guiding questions, but the following checklist is not exhaustive.
- Identifying growth sectors and short-term and long-term new opportunities, and the functioning of livelihood market system
- Identifying the constraints, barriers and challenges for developing economic opportunities
- Identifying skills gaps and social network support
IV – Expected results of the consultancy
- A detailed list of IGAs preferred and implemented by the target groups (host communities, returnees, IDPs) in Monguno & Ngala LGA is established, and new or potential IGAs are identified;
- A list of profitable IGAs is established, including their strengths, difficulties, existing related trainings, production potential, market opportunities, etc.;
- Similar experiences in terms of support to IGAs for vulnerable households are analyzed, and recommendations are made;
- A detailed list of potential job opportunities is established in Monguno and Ngala LGAs;
- SI field team is trained on livelihood and labor market assessment;
- An interim report is provided one week after completion of the data collection at field level, and a final report 15 days later.
V – Methodology of the consultancy
The following methodology of the consultancy is indicative and must be developed by the consultant in its technical and financial proposition.
- Discussions with SI project team for a shared understanding of the terms of reference
- Reading of projects documentation and selection of study sites
- Proposition of a work plan in cooperation with SI project team;
- Preparation of the field phase in cooperation with SI project team, including
- Secondary data analysis and synthesis
- Selection of key sectors or value chains representing opportunities, according to the context
- Development of the list of key informants to meet: economic actors -market chain and value chains actors, private sector employers -, community leaders, religious leaders, men, women, youth, elderly, women or youth organizations if existing, local authorities, other humanitarian actors, representatives of vendors’ and other business associations, trade unions, formal and informal financial institutions, training providers, etc.)
- Development of methods and tools to collect information (observation, focus groups, bilateral meetings, etc.);
- Implementation of the field phase, including training of SI project team on methodology of market assessment
- Data processing and response analysis
- Workshop for data and results validation with SI team
- Reporting and action-oriented recommendations for IGAs development or support and for linking with job opportunities, in respect with human security and dignity.
VI – Period and location of the consultancy
March – April 2019: Ngala and Gamboru, in Ngala Local Government Area (LGA); Monguno in Monguno LGA.
|Expected Start date||15/03/2019|
|Expected end date||12/04/2019|
|Submission of preliminary report||05/04/2019|
|Submission of final report||12/04/2019|
VII – Reporting
The report will be written in English and will include:
- 1 executive summary (3 pages max)
- 1 narrative report (max 30-40 pages)
- 1 summary table with the main conclusions and recommendations (separate short, medium and long term)
- Technical annexes: will contain the technical details of the evaluation, as well as the terms of reference, questionnaire templates, checklist and interview templates, any tables or graphs, references and other sources, persons and institutions contacted.
VIII – Qualifications required
- Diploma in economics or agro-economic preferably
- Experience in the same kind of consultancies or studies
- Very good communication skills
- Ability to analyze and synthesize
- Knowledge of Ngala and Monguno LGAs, of the main IGAs developed in the region,
- Good training skills ;
- Fluency in Hausa and/or Kanuri, and in English
- Female candidates are encouraged to apply
IX – Presentation of offers
Deadline for submission of consultants: 18th February 2019
Any interested person will have to present the following documents:
- A technical proposal including:
- The understanding of the objectives of the study and Terms of Reference (ToR): development of a problem and formulation of questions to which the offer proposes to answer
- The proposed methodology and tools
- The chronogram presenting the details for the realization of each phase of the consultancy
- A financial offer including a detailed budget by heading (fees, other costs)
- An updated and complete CV of all members of the consulting team with references
- One example of reports of similar studies already carried out
- References and certificates
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