Humanitarian Country Team (HCT)
This is the highest-level and strategic decision-making and oversight forum for humanitarian interventions in Nigeria established and led by the Humanitarian Coordinator. The composition of the HCT includes representatives from the UN, INGOs, National NGOs, Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement and Donors. As the centrepiece of the humanitarian coordination architecture in Nigeria, the HCT provides a platform for timely, effective and efficient decision making, thereby contributing to longer-term recovery while alleviating human suffering and protecting the lives, livelihoods and dignity of populations in need.
INGO Representation: NIF Secretariat, ACF, INSO, IRC, MCN, NRC and SCI
Operational Humanitarian Country Team (OHCT)
This platform was set up in 2016 to provide increased operational guidance and decision making in the complex humanitarian emergency of the North-East. The OHCT meets bi-weekly and links the strategic decision making made at the Federal level with the operational decision making and delivery of humanitarian assistance to the affected population in the field. The OHCT, chaired by the Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator (DHC), serves as an effective body for providing improved coordination and quality of the humanitarian response in North-East Nigeria.
INGO Representation: NIF Secretariat, CRS, FHI360, INSO, IRC, NRC and SCI
Inter-Sector Working Group (ISWG)
This is the technical arm supporting the Humanitarian Coordinator and the HCT in fulfilling their responsibilities as outlined in the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) guidelines. Guided by the HCT, inter-sector coordination provides a platform for sectors to work together to advance the delivery of assistance to affected people effectively and efficiently. It does this by encouraging synergies between sectors, ensuring roles and responsibilities are clearly defined, closing potential gaps and eliminating duplication.
INGO Representation: NIF Secretariat, ACF, INTERSOS, SCI and SIF
Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF)
This board – made up of representatives from UN, NGOs and donors – provides strategic support to the Humanitarian Coordinator in ensuring decisions on NHF funding are inclusive of the views across the humanitarian community. The NHF, managed by OCHA, is a country-based pooled fund (CBPF) launched in February 2017 to promote inclusiveness and partnerships in the allocation, management and use of humanitarian fund to deliver the most urgent and flexible relief aid. For more information, visit here.
INGO Representation: NIF Secretariat, IRC
Humanitarian Hubs Taskforce
Humanitarian hubs support inter-agency and multi-sectorial delivery of assistance in hard-to-reach conflict-affected areas by enabling humanitarian aid workers stay longer in deep field locations. Humanitarian hubs provide a common base of operations for humanitarian organisations present in selected areas with critical enablers, including security telecommunications systems (very high frequency systems – VHF – high frequency – HF – systems, and satellite phones) and internet connectivity, office space, accommodation, transportation and logistics support and storage space. Furthermore, the hubs provide a unified framework for coordinating humanitarian assistance in the critical sectors including CCCM, Nutrition, Health and Protection. There are currently six (6) humanitarian hubs located in Maiduguri (Red Roof), Bama, Gwoza, Dikwa, Ngala and Monguno. For more information, visit here.
INGO Representation: NIF Secretariat, eHealth, FHI360
Cash Working Group (CWG)
This group was established to provide a platform for the strategic and operational engagement with cash and voucher partners providing relief and recovery services in the North-East. The CWG works to promote synergy and harmonisation of approaches, advocate for scale up of Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) and promote the linkage of humanitarian cash assistance to existing social protection system in North-East Nigeria. OCHA and CRS (on behalf of NIF) co-lead the CWG. For more information, visit here.
INGO Representation: INGOs implementing CVA in the North-East
Access Working Group (AWG)
This platform serves as an advisory body to the strategic leadership of the humanitarian community in promoting principled access to the hundreds of thousands of people in dire need of humanitarian assistance, facilitating and enabling information collection and analysis, as well as aiding in the operationalisation of plans to stabilise living conditions for millions of affected people. OCHA and NIF co-chair the AWG.
INGO Representation: NIF Secretariat, DRC, INSO, NRC
Community Engagement / Accountability to Affected Population (CE/AAP) Working Group
This group was established to promote an accountable action and a right-based approach in planning and delivering relief and services to the millions of people affected by the North-East crisis. It also facilitates inclusive approaches around gender, age, race, disability and other vulnerability into all aspects of humanitarian response. For more information, visit here.
INGO Representation: NIF Secretariat
UNHAS Steering Committee
This committee provides advisory guidance to the operations of the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS), whose fixed-wing flights and helicopter services have greatly facilitated the delivery of life-saving assistance to remote areas. Taking into consideration that about 80 percent of Borno State is considered high or very high risk for humanitarian actors, UNHAS has gained an ever important role in the transportation of aid workers and life-saving relief items to locations outside Maiduguri, the capital of Borno.
For more information, visit here.
INGO Representation: NRC
Local Government Coordination Working Group (LGCWG)
The LCWG serves as the bridge between the national and local authorities, and humanitarian actors including the UN, international and national NGOs. There are regular coordination meetings which ensure that information about the efforts and challenges of humanitarian operations at the local level are elevated in a timely fashion. For more information, visit state-level coordination for Borno, Adamawa and Yobe.
INGO Representation: All INGOs with presence in respective field levels
Humanitarian Communication Working Group (HCWG)
This is a group of media/information/advocacy personnel drawn from UN, INGOs, ICRC, etc. to strengthen information sharing on the humanitarian situation in the North-East with other stakeholders and the general public. The group also ensures a common understanding of operational realities for humanitarian actors, donors and stakeholders through common humanitarian messaging and other channels. The HCWG supports and advises the HCT on communication issues, act as the focal body for coordination of media visits and enhances interaction with various media through collaborative communication actions and campaigns.
INGO Representation: Open to all INGOs implementing humanitarian response in the North-East
Information Management Working Group (IMWG)
This group serves as a resource unit for the harmonisation of quality data and information exchange for the humanitarian community. The unit ensures that up-to-date and relevant information on the efforts and progress of the humanitarian community is captured in a presentable format to support improved decision making in emergency preparedness and response. The IMWG further facilitates collective humanitarian needs assessment (HNO), the development of humanitarian response plan (HRP) and supports the timely dissemination of relevant information to the humanitarian community and public at large.
INGO Representation: iMMAP, ACTED (REACH Initiative)
Sectors Working Groups in Nigeria
The Humanitarian Sectors Working Groups (also known as Clusters) bring together humanitarian organisations comprising of the UN, I/NGOs, government, MSF, etc. along the respective sectors of humanitarian action as shown in the chart. These clusters are designated by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and have clear responsibilities for coordination.
Each of the clusters serves the following functions:
- Supporting service delivery by providing a platform for agreement on approaches and elimination of duplication
- Informing strategic decision-making of the HC/HCT for the humanitarian response through coordination of needs assessment, gap analysis and prioritization
- Planning and strategy development including sectoral plans, adherence to standards and funding needs
- Advocacy to address identified concerns on behalf of cluster participants and the affected population
- Monitoring and reporting on the cluster strategy and results; recommending corrective action where necessary
- Contingency planning/preparedness/national capacity building where needed and where capacity exists within the cluster.
In Nigeria’s response, the sectors are led by a sector lead appointed by the leading agency in the sector and co-led by the government and International NGOs. This allows for sharing of relevant and timely information on the response capacity and gaps while contributing to the improvement in its overall quality. For more information, visit here.